Situated in the western part of India, Rajasthan is the second largest state of the country. With a population of over 65 million people and a capital that impresses everyone by its beauty, Jaipur, the area is a major tourist destination, regardless of the season. The state of Rajasthan borders Pakistan to the northwest and north, as well as Punjab and Haryana. In the past, it was the place where 26 small states emerged. Their masters were known under the name of rajputans. They were all followers of the Hindu rulers and Muslim enemies of moguls.
India’s colonization by Britain took place gradually and in a veiled way. The process started with an impressive victory against the ruler of Bengal, Palash, obtained in 1757, in the Ganges delta. After that moment, the British government has acted with discretion. Only one quarter of a century later, in Kolkata a British Governor General appeared as representative of colonial power, which otherwise behaved like an autocrat. The army received instructions only from the British authorities and political representatives from the managing directors of the East India Company, which soon expanded its activities throughout the subcontinent. The influence of the settlers expanded and was felt in all spheres of daily life. From this point of view, Rajasthan has successfully resisted until the early nineteenth century.
After the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, the local Islamic State of Great Moguls became weaker and weaker. Meanwhile, instead of gathering lines against invaders, the principles of Rajasthan have wasted forces of fratricidal struggles. Finally, their fields have been robbed of Marathi, people who lived in neighboring territories and, moreover, forced the vanquished to pay a tribute. In this situation, the British have offered to help those in Rajasthan: the enemy was rejected and lost its influence. In contrast, those rescued were beginning to pay tribute to rescuers. The deal was sealed by signing a treaty on the protection of Rajasthan to the United Kingdom, signed by the principles of local areas and Lord Hastings in 1818. By its terms, the principles maintained their sovereignty in the affairs that concerned the country. Consequently, the law adopted after Indian independency, the one that included the ban on ritual burning pyre of widows and killing newborn girls could not be applied in Rajasthan. It took a long time for these provisions to become compulsory in the Indian state.